Credit for this FAQ goes to Dave and his original post can be found here; https://members.iracing.com/jforum/posts/list/3510872.page


The purpose of this information is to provide the details of iRacing's real-world counterparts so that the cars can be driven using the same (or as close to the same) method as you would in real life. Note that some real-life vehicles may have automatic style floor-mounted shifters for which we must use one of the shifter types available to us as sim racers. For instance, we might use a floor-mounted stick sequential to simulate the Art Carr-Winters shifter, as found in the Pro Trucks.

Paddle Sequential Shifters

Use the right paddle for upshift and left paddle for downshifting

Stick Sequential

Most race cars are pulled towards you for upshift and push away from you for downshift.

List of Gearbox, Shifter Types and Method

1. Semi-Automatic Sequential


Gear Lever: Paddles

Upshift - Full throttle (no lift necessary)
No clutch required

Downshift - No clutch required
No blip required (will not downshift until RPM is correct)

• Williams-Toyota FW31 (7-speed) - electro/hydraulically actuated.
• Audi R18 Hybrid (6-speed) – electrically actuated.
• Porsche 919 Hybrid (7-speed) hydraulically-activated
• Porsche 911 RSR (6-speed) - manual dog box with pneumatic paddle shift.
• Porsche 718 Cayman GT4 Clubsport MR (6-speed dual-clutch)
• BMW M8 GTE (6-speed)
• Formula Renault 2.0 (6-speed) - this is the 2013 model (confirmed by Steve Myers) so it is paddle shift. I believe the last of the stick sequential models was 2009 and from 2010 it has been paddle shift.
• HPD ARX-01 C (6-speed) - manual paddle sequential
• McLaren MP4-30 (8-speed + reverse)
• Chevrolet Corvette C7 Daytona Prototype (6-speed)
• Dallara Indy Car 2011
• Dallara DW12 (6-speed)
• Dallara IR18 (6-speed)
• Dallara F3 (6 speed + reverse)
• Indy Pro 2000 PM-18 (6-speed)
• USF 2000 (6-speed)
• Volkswagen Jetta TDI Cup (6-speed) - Front-wheel drive - double-clutch, automatic direct-shift gearbox (i.e. DSG transmission). A DSG is basically two separate manual gearboxes (and clutches)
• McLaren MP4-12C (GT3) (6-speed)
• Audi R8 LMS (GT3) (6-speed)
• Porsche 911 Cup (GT3) (6-speed) - manual dog box with pneumatic paddle shift. The car is modeled after Porsche’s 911 GT3, but it is not a GT3 spec racecar.
• Mercedes AMG (GT3) (6-speed)
• BMW Z4 (GT3) (6-speed) - manual sequential with pneumatic paddle shift
• RUF RT 12R Track (GT3) (6-speed) - not a true GT3 car but a RUF version of the Porsche 997 GT3 R
• Ford GT-R (GT3) (6-speed) semi-automatic pneumatic paddle shift - not a true GT3 car but a GT3 version of a Ford GT
• Ferrari 488 (GTE) (6-Speed) - dual-clutch F1 gearbox
• Ford GT 2017 (GTE) (6-speed) PowerShift dual-clutch transmission
• Ferrari 488 (GT3) (6-speed) transversal sequential gearbox, electrohydraulic paddle shift



2. Dog-Box Sequential - with throttle cut & auto blip

Gear Lever: Stick Sequential

Upshift - Full throttle (no lift necessary due to throttle cut)
No clutch required (if incorrect RPM range) Release gear lever once engaged.

Downshift - No clutch required
No blip required.

• Kia Optima (6-speed) - Front-wheel drive


3. Dog-Box Sequential - with throttle cut

Gear Lever: Stick Sequential

Upshift - Full throttle (no lift necessary due to throttle cut)
No clutch required (if incorrect RPM range) Release gear lever once engaged.

Downshift - No clutch required (if incorrect RPM range)
Blip required (heel/toe or left foot brake and blip throttle).
No blip required on the GRC cars due to throttle cut.

• Cadillac CTS-V Racecar (6-speed)
• Chevrolet Corvette C6.R (GT1) (6-speed)
• Aston Martin DBR9 (GT1) (6-speed)
• Ford V8 Supercar (6-speed)
• Ford Falcon Supercar (circa 2012) (6-speed)
• Supercars Ford Mustang GT – 2019 (6-speed)
• Supercars Holden ZB Commodore – 2019 (6-speed)
• Holden V8 Supercar (6-speed)
• Radical SR8 (6-speed) - most real-life cars have paddles but apparently, the one iRacing scanned was stick sequential.
• Riley MkXX Daytona Prototype (5-speed)
• Formula Pro (Star) Mazda (6-speed)
• RUF RT 12R C-spec (6-speed) - a RUF version of the Porsche 997 GT3 Cup Car with no ABS or TC.
• Ford Fiesta RS WRC - all-wheel drive (6-speed) Tanner Whitten suggests to short shift a bit. Also don’t blip on downshifts as these cars have ignition cut on both up and downshift to help the gears slot in. Don’t rush downshifts & be patient.
• VW Beetle GRC - all-wheel drive (6-speed) Tanner Whitten suggests to short shift a bit. Also don’t blip on downshifts as these cars have ignition cut on both up and downshift to help the gears slot in. Don’t rush downshifts & be patient.
• Subaru WRX STI - all-wheel drive (6-speed) Tanner Whitten suggests to short shift a bit. Also don’t blip on downshifts as these cars have ignition cut on both up and downshift to help the gears slot in. Don’t rush downshifts & be patient.


4. Dog-Box Sequential - without throttle cut

Gear Lever: Stick Sequential

Upshift - Lift (off the throttle)
No clutch required (if in correct RPM range) Release gear lever once engaged.

Downshift - No clutch required (if in correct RPM range)
Optional blip for Skip Barber Formula 2000 (recommend heel/toe and blip throttle)
Blip required on Legend Ford '34 Coupe (heel/toe or left foot brake and blip throttle).

• Skip Barber Formula 2000 (5-speed) - the real car has the steering column positioned between the clutch pedal and brake pedal and therefore it is difficult to move your left foot over to the brake pedal. Most drivers end up using the clutch and heel-n-toe for every downshift to avoid shocking the driveline and adding a little forgiveness to your technique. Jim Pace (Skippy instructor) says that "most Skippy Formula guys will suggest the clutch on the downshift but not on the upshift. It will of course go into gear no matter how bad your technique".

• Legend Ford ’34 Coupe (5-speed)
• Legend Dirt Car (5-speed)


5.
Dog-Box H-Pattern

Gear Lever: H-Pattern

Upshift - Lift (off the throttle)
No clutch required (if incorrect RPM range)

Downshift - No clutch required (if incorrect RPM range)
Blip required (heel/toe or left foot brake and blip throttle).

• Lotus 79 (5-speed - dog leg gearbox layout)
• Lotus 49 (5-speed)
• Nissan GTP ZX-T (5-speed)
• SK Whelen Tour Modified (2-speed)
• SK Modified (2-speed)
• Chevrolet Monte Carlo SS Late Model (4-speed)
• Super Late Model (4-speed)
• NASCAR Sprint Cup Chevrolet SS (Gen 6) (4-speed)
• NASCAR Sprint Cup Ford Fusion (Gen 6) (4-speed)
• NASCAR Sprint Cup Toyota Camry (Gen 6) (4-speed)
• NASCAR Sprint Cup Chevrolet Impala COT (Car Of Tomorrow) - circa 2013 (4-speed)
• NASCAR XFINITY Ford Mustang (circa 2017) (4-speed)
• NASCAR XFINITY Chevrolet Camaro (circa 2017) (4-speed)
• NASCAR XFINITY Toyota Camry (circa 2017) (4-speed)
• NASCAR Nationwide Chevrolet Impala (circa 2011) (4-speed)
• NASCAR Gander Outdoors Toyota Tundra (circa 2019) (4-speed)
• NASCAR Gander Outdoors Chevrolet Silverado (circa 2019) (4-speed)
• NASCAR Gander Outdoors Ford F150 (circa 2020) (4-speed)
• NASCAR Camping World Toyota Tundra (circa 2015) (4-speed)
• NASCAR Camping World Chevrolet Silverado (circa 2015) (4-speed)
• NASCAR Truck Series Chevrolet Silverado (circa 2013) (4-speed)
• NASCAR K&N Pro Chevrolet Impala (4-speed)
• NASCAR Monster Energy Cup Chevrolet Camaro ZL1 – 2018 (4-speed)
• NASCAR Chevrolet Monte Carlo – 1987 (4-speed)
• NASCAR Ford Thunderbird – 1987 (4-speed)
• NASCAR Camping World Dirt Chevrolet Silverado (circa 2015) (4-speed)
• NASCAR Camping World Dirt Toyota Tundra (circa 2015) (4-speed)


6. Synchromesh  H-Pattern

Gear Lever: H-Pattern

Upshift - Lift (off the throttle)
Clutch required.

Downshift - Lift (off the throttle)
Clutch required with optional blip (heel/toe or left foot brake and blip throttle).

• Ford Mustang FR500S (6-speed)
• Pontiac Solstice (5-speed)
• SCAA Spec Racer Ford (5-speed)
• Global Mazda MX-5 Cup (circa 2016) (6-speed)
• Mazda MX-5 Cup (circa 2015) (6-speed)
• MX-5 Roadster (6-speed)
• RUF RT 12R AWD (6-speed) - you can preselect gears
• RUF RT 12R RWD (6-speed)
• Audi 90 GTO AWD (5-speed dog leg)
• Street Stock (4-speed)
• Dirt Street Stock (4-speed)


7. Dog Box – 1 and 2 Speed


• Silver Crown (2-speed) - In real life, the car has at least one forward gear. A maximum of two gears is allowed and reverse gear is optional.

• Dirt Super Late Model (1-speed) – Real-life cars actually have two gears, neutral and reverse. The first gear is only to get the car rolling from a standstill.
• Dirt Pro Late Model (1-speed) – Real-life cars actually have two gears, neutral and reverse. The first gear is only to get the car rolling from a standstill.
• Dirt Limited Late Model (1-speed) – Real-life cars actually have two gears, neutral and reverse. The first gear is only to get the car rolling from a standstill.
• Dirt UMP Modified (1-speed) – Real-life cars actually have two gears, neutral and reverse. The first gear is only to get the car rolling from a standstill.


8. Direct Drive

• Sprint Car (Direct drive engaged from the cockpit) - In real life, the car has no clutch, transmission, or reverse gear. It should actually be push-started but iRacing basically models it as a 1-speed dog box, without neutral or clutch pedal but with reverse.

• Dirt Sprint Cars – 410, 360 and 305 (Winged) - Same as asphalt Sprint Car
• Dirt Sprint Cars – 410 and 360 (Non-Winged) - Same as asphalt Sprint Car
• Dirt Midget - Same as asphalt Sprint Car


9. Automatic – Manual Shift

• Pro 2 Truck, Pro 4 Truck, and Pro 2 Lite Truck - (3-Speed [plus reverse] Automatic – Manually Shifted) - due to its design it is mechanically impossible to accidentally shift into reverse from any forward gear.

Gear Lever: Stick Sequential (see note at the very top of page)

Upshift - No lift required
There is no clutch pedal

Downshift - No clutch required
No blip required


10. Automatic DSG – Manual Shift

• Audi RS 3 LMS - (6-Speed)

Gear Lever: Paddles

Upshift - No lift required
There is no clutch pedal

Downshift - No clutch required
No blip required